The origins of the mountain of Machu Picchu

Since its discovery in 1911, Machu Picchu has been the center of numerous conflicting theories regarding its origin. Jose Gabriel Cosio, stated that it was “a pre-Inca city, unknown to the Incas or the Spanish” (1924). Max Uhle believed dated the city from “The Golden Age of the Inca” (1917). According to Luis E. Valcarcel, […]

Since its discovery in 1911, Machu Picchu has been the center of numerous conflicting theories regarding its origin. Jose Gabriel Cosio, stated that it was “a pre-Inca city, unknown to the Incas or the Spanish” (1924). Max Uhle believed dated the city from “The Golden Age of the Inca” (1917). According to Luis E. Valcarcel, it had been the “capital of the domain of Tampu”, that had been “a small kingdom, first allied with, then dependent of and finally, absorbed by the Inca Empire (1934). Others have defended the second thesis put forward by Hiram Bingham that stated that Machu Picchu was a “lost city” in which the Inca culture was isolated and maintained during the Spanish Conquest. More recent studies have indicated that Machu Picchu was constructed during the peak of the Inca Empire as a ceremonial center and as part of the Empire’s expansion plan into the jungle region.


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